A Comparison of Different Types of Cranes Used in Construction

Construction cranes are used worldwide for building large structures, but there are many different types of cranes to choose from. Whether you’re looking for a crane with an extended reach, one that can work at high altitudes, or one with a jib or boom, here are different types of construction cranes to help get you started.

We have divided these cranes into two types: fixed and mobile cranes. Let’s get to know them.

1. Fixed Cranes

Fixed cranes, which are permanently located at a construction site, are used to lift materials. Although there are many types of fixed cranes, the most common ones are Bridge Overhead Cranes, Bulk Handling Cranes, Gantry Cranes, and Tower Crane

Bulk Handling Cranes

The Bulk Handling Crane lifts large volumes of materials efficiently. It typically has bucket arms which are both capable of lifting heavy weights. These are mounted inside a hopper that allows them to turn at available sections on the crane arm.

Hammerhead Cranes

Considered highly beneficial in optimizing and expediting construction projects, hammerhead cranes feature a horizontal level restoring tower. This crane is extensively used at construction sites for loading, carrying, and unloading bulky equipment and material.

Hammerhead cranes make horizontal movement more precise and accurate. Its jib rotates in 360 degrees but doesn’t move when the trolley is moved. This is the unique functional benefit offered only by a hammerhead crane.

Tower Cranes

Tower cranes are often used to lift materials up, down, and across. They can be mounted on pylons which help guide them up or down. Tower cranes are usually used when the lifted materials are too heavy to be carried by bulk loaders or bridge cranes.

Fixed Jib Crane

2. Mobile Cranes

Mobile cranes are used at site locations that change after each project. They can be transported to the next worksite on trailers and may also be disassembled for transport. Mobile cranes generally have a shorter reach than fixed cranes and cannot reach as far as fixed tower cranes can. Some examples of mobile crane types include Rough Terrain Cranes, Crawler Cranes, and Truck Mounted Cranes.

Rough Terrain Cranes

These versatile cranes are designed to withstand harsh weather and surface conditions. Rough terrain cranes are similar to crawler cranes, but they have four sturdy wheels, usually fitted with a telescopic boom.

Rough terrain cranes also feature outriggers, offering mobility convenience and improved balance.

Truck Mounted Crane

The Truck Mounted Crane is similar to other cranes but is attached to a truck which helps move it around on a construction site. It’s ideal when you have to transport heavy material from one point to another.

At Crane Warning Systems Atlanta, you can find a wide range of crane supplies that will ensure that construction sites are safer and efficient for workers and others around.

They have quality crane load monitors, load Moment Indicators, portable cameras, crane RCI indicators, crane LMI systems, crane anemometer among other parts to augment crane safety systems. Contact them to find out more.

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