The earliest use of unmanned balloons was in 1849, when Austrians attacked Venice by attaching explosives to them. The world then saw the United States developing Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs) in World War I, circa 1916. The country successfully created the first pilotless aircraft, which then led to experiments with radio-controlled aircraft by 1937.
From being used as revolutionary tools in the military to soldiers being replaced with self-driving tanks and autonomous sentry guns, robots have come a long way, and are taking over the military. They are expected to fight wars and military operations at some point, with no human in sight on the field.
The following are some of the ways in which robots are changing the military standards today:
Intelligence, Surveillance, and Reconnaissance (ISR)
ISR is a use case that uses many military satellites, such as UGVs, UAVs, USVs, AUVs, ROVs and more.
UAVs are used in the military to equip a battlefield with intelligence and to create a picture of the area under surveillance. Armed forces throughout the world have stopped relying on human scouts.
Instead, they use small robots which are almost invisible to the enemy. They are used to monitor enemy forces or any area of concern. UAVs can send images and videos to the home station by using GPS.
Robots are used in the military for combat support, which includes laying down electronic warfare mines, strike missions, battle damage management, fire support, aerial refueling, and more.
They play an essential role in important and high-profile missions because of their improvised capabilities and limited autonomy.
The advantages provided by military robots in warfare include the ability to gather information, fight effectively, and minimize collateral damage. The revolutionary introduction of robots in the military has enhanced the force’s capability to carry out combat missions with minimal losses.
Clearing and checking for mines in a warfare field is also one of the major applications of military robots. These robots can run area clearance operations which can detect and remove sea mines and land mines.
Fire Fighting Robots
Fire fighting robots are being used today to address fire accidents and the casualties caused by them. These robots can detect fires and employ a range of techniques to suppress and control it. They are also able to tolerate high temperatures for a long period of time.
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